From October 18 to 24, 2017, China held its Nineteenth Party Congress at the Great Hall of the People located in the center of Beijing.
The National Congress of the Communist Party of China, also known as the Party Congress of China, is one of the most important congressional conventions held by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China every five years. The participants of the convention include representatives of the Communist Party elected by citizens throughout the nation.
The following agenda points are discussed during the convention:
- Reports on the work that the Central Committee has accomplished since the last Party Congress.
- Discussion on the overall path of development that China will take in the next five years.
- Amendments to the constitutions of the Party according to the current situation.
- The election of members of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China as well as the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.
The Significance of the Nineteenth Party Congress of China
To alleviate poverty and combat the unequal distribution of wealth in today’s China, the Party’s Central Committee ambitiously pledged to reduce the number of regions with significant poverty levels to zero by the year of 2020. The National Defense along with the military reform programs are expected to be carried out in the upcoming years and yield effective results in strengthening the country as a whole. The goal is to establish a modernized military power system with Chinese characteristics.
- The percentage of the Congress representatives who are working at the front line, such as industrial workers, farmers, and technicians, has risen to an unprecedentedly high – about 33.7%. The representatives were more evenly distributed among all ages, compared to the last Party Congress in 2012, 169 more members are aged below 55.
- The average education level of the Congress representatives greatly increased: about 94.2% have a college degree or above.
- The percentage of women representatives reached as high as 24.1%, about 1.1% higher than the Eighteenth Party Congress.
- The percentage of ethnic minorities in China had an increase of 11.5% compared to the last Party Congress.
- A considerable number of outstanding role models, such as Jing Haipeng, the only Chinese astronaut who has completed a total of three space missions, were included among the representatives of the Nineteenth Party Congress.
The composition of the representatives of the Nineteenth Party Congress of China demonstrates considerable diversification. The voices of people from different regions and who work in varied professions are becoming increasingly heard by the Communist Party leaders, who can have a better understanding of people’s need and adjust the law accordingly.
Foreign media such as CNBC now regard President Xi as “the most powerful Chinese official in decades”.
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